Tag Archives: 2010 ADA standards

Construction Alterations and the ADA Standards That Affect Them (Chapter 2 Part 2)

Alteration is something practically all construction sites and facilities undergo at some point or another.

The compliance and standards of these alterations are determined by certain scoping requirements, which are the bases of the 2010 ADA Standards of the Department of Justice and the ADA Standards of the Department of Transportation.

For the additions and alterations of pre existing facilities, the ADA Standards are applicable. 

These standards apply to the elements and/or spaces being altered or added.  Therefore, the extent of which the standards are applied is determined mainly by the project’s scope work.

However, it is important to be aware of the fact that for projects affecting the usage or accessibility to a space that contains a primary function, there are additional requirements and expectations.

So, without further ado, here are the ADA Standards for alterations to existing facilities and which projects apply to them.

What Exactly Is an Alteration?

According to Business Dictionary, an alteration can be defined as a “change that does not affect the basic character or structure of the thing it is applied to” in general terms.

The difference, you might be wondering, between an addition and an alteration is that an addition is welcoming a new space or element to a facility, while an alteration is simply making a small change.

The keyword here is “small”.  As discussed earlier, projects that affect areas containing primary functions to the facility are now subject to new rules and must comply with the ADA Standards for alterations.

There are seven major projects that are classified as alterations:

  1. Remodeling
  2. Renovation
  3. Rehabilitation
  4. Reconstruction
  5. Restoration
  6. Resurfacing
  7. Rearranging

As you might have picked up, the thing that all of these have in common is the fact that they simply change the existing facility for its benefit instead of adding to it or expanding it.

Additionally, things such as maintenance, reroofing or painting aren’t considered alterations, as there is really not much physical change that affects the productivity or purpose of the facility for its own good.

Alterations That Do Affect Usage or Accessibility

The one major requirement that the Department of Transportation ADA Standards set in place for alterations that affect areas of primary functions is that there is a path of travel.

Regardless of whether it is a new addition or an alteration that does or doesn’t affect usage and accessibility, there must be a safe path of travel.

This means that if an alteration affects another function, it still must contain a clear traveling path and now must comply with the ADA Standards for alterations.

Being Comfortable with the ADA Standards Will Result in a Safer and Surer Alteration Project

It is extremely important to ensure that all of your projects and facilities comply with the ADA Standards.

It is never fun to have the Department of Transportation on the back of your construction business and possibly costing you money or getting you into legal trouble.

So, know the expectations set for you, and strive to reach them with excellence and comply with standards for safety and peace.

Help with ADA Compliance

Serving clients in New Jersey, New York and Eastern Pennsylvania, the experienced professionals at East Coast Paving and Site Development are prepared to help you achieve the standards for ADA compliance.

For additional questions about ADA compliance, contact the paving experts at East Coast Paving and Site Development at 732-329-3600 or email info@eccompanies.com.

Read more on the series

The Ultimate Guide to ADA Compliance: Using the ADA Standards (Chapter 1)

Scoping Requirements and ADA Standards for New Construction (Chapter 2 Part 1)

ADA Standards for Floor and Ground Surface Construction (Chapter 3)

Accessible Routes in the ADA Standards (Chapter 4 Part 1)

Scoping Requirements and ADA Standards for New Construction (Chapter 2 Part 1)

In the construction world, there are many standards and requirements that dictate how a job must be done for specific tasks.

Construction work falls under two major categories: the Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation.  As a result, both of these two departments have their own rules and regulations applicable to the construction classified beneath them.

The regulations of the Department of Justice are referred to as the 2010 ADA Standards, and the Department of Transportation’s rules are governed simply by the ADA Standards.

Before beginning new construction under either of these two departments, it is vital to know the rules, regulations, and applications of both.

1. Scoping Requirements

“Scoping” is a term used very frequently in the construction industry, and it refers to the general way a construction job or project is going to be carried out under the signing of a specific contract.

Both the 2010 ADA Standards and the ADA Standards have different requirements for scoping construction.

Firstly, scoping requirements apply to four particular areas of construction.  These are elements, building, facility, and site.

Each is applicable by the Department of Justice’s 2010 ADA Standards and the Department of Transportation’s ADA Standards.

Additionally, there are other scoping requirements for technical provisions and covered elements and spaces that a site provides.

These elements and spaces are parking, means of egress, and plumbing fixtures.

For the 2010 ADA Standards, their requirements are determined by either building codes, design practices, or other factors.

The ADA Standards of the Department of Transportation, on the other hand, list the particular areas, elements, and spaces that are required to be accessible.

2. ADA Standards Application

The Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation both have a set of standards specifically for the application and accessibility of a new construction site.

As for the ADA Standards, requirements apply to all types of facilities, regardless of size or complexity.  This means that all facility sites, from simple, one-building facilities to complex sites containing multiple buildings, are all subject to the same rules.

These application regulations also apply to exterior and interior spaces, as well as all elements a site provides. 

Additionally, whether these sites are permanent or temporary does not matter.  The rules apply to both.

3. Accessibility Regulations

It is important to note that for all new construction, it is mandatory by the ADA Standards that all areas to be fully accessible, which normally means having multiple spaces of the same type.

However, the only three areas not required to be fully accessible or only partially accessible are as follows:

  1. Raised or limited usage spaces
  2. Specific employee work areas
  3. Spaces specifically for scoping provisions of which only particular portions are required to comply

The “particular portions” referred to in number three is areas such as dressing rooms or patient bedrooms, because they are only partially accessible.

Knowing the ADA Standards Ensures Your Construction Work Is Safe, Legal, and Successful

You never want to end up in a situation where you have the ADA on your back because you’ve fallen short of expectations!

Before starting your construction, take precautions and be fully aware of the laws and regulations applicable to your site.

This makes for a happy business, happy customers, and a happy Department of Transportation.

Help with ADA Compliance

Serving clients in New Jersey, New York and Eastern Pennsylvania, the experienced professionals at East Coast Paving and Site Development are prepared to help you achieve the standards for ADA compliance.

For additional questions about ADA compliance, contact the paving experts at East Coast Paving and Site Development at 732-329-3600 or email info@eccompanies.com.

Read more on this series:

The Ultimate Guide to ADA Compliance: Using the ADA Standards (Chapter 1)

Construction Alterations and the ADA Standards That Affect Them (Chapter 2 Part 2)

ADA Standards for Floor and Ground Surface Construction (Chapter 3)

Accessible Routes in the ADA Standards (Chapter 4 Part 1)